Improvement in image synthesis, from https://arxiv.org/abs/1406.2661 https://arxiv.org/abs/1511.06434 https://arxiv.org/abs/1606.07536 https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.10196 https://arxiv.org/abs/1812.04948, via Ian Goodfellow

The Path to Deepfake Harm

How, when, and why synthetic media can be used for harm

Factors Impacting the Likelihood of Harm

1. Awareness: Do actors with malicious intent know about a capability and believe it can help them?

2. Deployment: How difficult is it for adversaries to weaponize this capability in practice?

3. Sustained use: How likely is it that a capability will lead to sustained use with substantial negative impacts?

Access Ratchets

Indirect Harms and Disinformation Ratchets

Addendum

Founder of the Thoughtful Technology Project & GMF non-res fellow. Prev Tow fellow & Chief Technologist @ Center for Social Media Responsibility. av@aviv.me

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